Daily Current affairs and Questions from The Hindu & PIB - May 25

Second Addendum on Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade between India and Bangladesh, 2020


  • The Protocol, which was first signed in 1972 (immediately after independence of Bangladesh), is a reflection of shared history and friendship between the two countries.
  • It was last renewed in 2015 for five years with a provision for its automatic renewal for a further period of five years giving long term assurance to various stakeholders.
  • The 2nd Addendum to the Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade was signed at Dhaka on 20th May, 2020
  • Under this Protocol, Inland vessels of both the countries can ply on the designated protocol route and dock at Ports of Call in each country, notified for loading/unloading of cargo. 
  • There has been significant improvement in the movement of cargo vessels in an organized manner on the Protocol route carrying both the transit cargo to North East(NE) region of India and vice-versa and export-cargo to Bangladesh. 
  • The Indian transit cargo is mainly coal, fly-ash, POL and ODC for power projects in NE region. 
  • The other potential cargo for movement is fertilizers, cement, food grains, agricultural products, containerized cargo etc. 
  • The export cargo from India to Bangladesh is mainly fly-ash which is to the tune of 30 lakhs MT per annum. Around 638 inland vessels (including 600 Bangladeshi flag vessels) completed with approximately 4000 loaded voyages annually.

Kangra Tea could lower coronavirus activity better than HIV drugs


  • The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) is likely to replace hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) with anti-HIV drugs to improve immunity and possibly reduce viral replication, in the revised protocol. 
  • The chemicals in Kangra tea could also be effective in boosting immunity as they can block coronavirus activity better than anti-HIV drugs .
  • These chemicals might block the activity of the viral protein that helps the virus to thrive inside human cells .
 Kangra tea

  • Kangra tea is a tea from the Kangra district in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Although Kangra cultivates both black tea and green tea, black tea constitutes around 90 percent of the production.
  • Kangra tea was given the Geographical Indication status in 2005. Kangra tea is known for its unique color and flavor.

What Facebook Shops mean for the future of (hyper-local) retail


Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg announced the launch of Facebook Shops, a platform that small mom-and-pop stores across the world could leverage to sell things directly across its apps, such as WhatsApp, Instagram and Facebook too.

What does the launch of Facebook Shops mean for small store owners?


  • For small store owners in developing countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, the launch of this platform could mean easy access to the large customer base of the social media giant, Facebook. 
  • The three apps together also have a large captive user base that could be used by small mom-and-pop stores to expand their presence in their local markets. For example, Facebook-owned WhatsApp’s ability to offer consumers easy access to the nearest kiranas, or grocery stores, which can provide products and services to their homes, can help the latter increase their revenue multi-fold.

Does launch of Facebook Shops impact the Facebook-Jio deal announced a month ago?


  • Though it is unclear whether Facebook Shops would be launched in India as well, the model adopted by Facebook for its own platform appears to be very similar to the one in the JioMart-WhatsApp deal. 
  • Though experts say there is a chance of cannibalisation of platforms if Facebook Shops launches in India, they also say that the platform could just be a replication of JioMart-WhatsApp arrangement.

                                                              MCQ
1) Where whole of India receives rainfall from southwest monsoon, Tamil Nadu coast remains dry during this season. Which of the following reasons can be responsible for this:
1. The Tamil Nadu coast is situated parallel to the Bay of Bengal branch of southwest monsoon
2. It lies in the rainshadow area of the Arabian Sea branch of the south-west monsoon.
Code:
a) 1 only 
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2 
d) Neither 1 nor 2

2) Who among the following are involved in making amendment to the Indian Constitution.
1. Voters
2. President of India
3. State legislatures
4. Parliament
5. Governors
6. Judiciary
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
a) 2 and 4 only
b) 3 and 4 only
c) 2, 3 and 4 only
d) 2, 3, 4 and 6


                                                                 Answers
1-c
2-c

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