Daily Current affairs and Questions from The Hindu & PIB - May 29

As LAC heats up, India and China activate border mechanism talks

WORKING MECHANISM FOR CONSULTATION & COORDINATION ON INDIA-CHINA BORDER AFFAIRS (WMCC)

  • The “Working Mechanism for Consultation & Coordination on India-China Border Affairs (WMCC)” was established in January 2012 after border talks between then National Security Adviser (NSA) Shivshankar Menon and his Chinese counterpart Dai Bingguo .
  •  It is headed by joint secretary-level officials from both sides. 
  • They are entrusted to help the special representative for boundary talks, a position currently held by NSA Ajit Doval.

Current situation

India’s assessment is that the Chinese are involved in what is known in military parlance as “holding the line”. While there is no agreed Line of Actual Control (LAC), both Chinese and Indian troops patrol up to their “claim lines” and then return. In the current situation, it appears that the Chinese have crossed their perception of LAC and are now camping at the spot in a bid to “hold the line”.

What is a heatwave and when is it declared?



Heatwaves occur over India between March and June.
  • Meteorologists declare a heatwave event when the maximum (day) temperature for a location in the plains crosses 40 degrees Celsius.
  • Over the hills, the threshold temperature is 30 degrees Celsius
  • When the day temperature jumps by 4 to 5 degrees above the normal maximum temperature of a location, it is declared as a heatwave.
  • For example, if the normal maximum temperature for a location in the plains on a given day should be 40 degrees but records 45 degrees, then that location is experiencing a heatwave. Alternatively, any location where maximum temperature crosses 45 degrees or shows a departure of over 6 degrees from normal, it is a severe heatwave condition.

How long can a heatwave spell last?

  • A heatwave spell generally lasts for a minimum of four days
  • On some occasions, it can extend up to seven or ten days. 
  • The longest recorded heatwave spell, in recent years, was between 18 – 31 May 2015. 
  • This spell had severely affected parts of West Bengal along with Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana.

Does all of India experience heatwave conditions?

No. Heatwaves are common over the Core Heatwave Zone (CHZ) — Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, West Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Vidarbha in Maharashtra, parts of Gangetic West Bengal, Coastal Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, as categorised by India Meteorological Department.

Several recent studies indicate that CHZ experience more than six heatwave days per year during these four months. Many places in the northwest and cities along southeastern coast report eight heatwave days per season. However, the regions in the extreme north, northeast and southwestern India are lesser prone to heatwaves.



Cyclone Amphan destroys one-third of world’s largest mangrove delta, tiger habitat

Around one-third of the world’s mangrove delta – the Sunderban --- has been damaged by Cyclone Amphan, according to a preliminary assessment of the West Bengal forest department. However, there is no confirmation of deaths of tigers or other animals in the delta

Sundarban

  • The Sunderban delta comprises 102 islands of which 54 have human settlements while the rest have forests. It has around 4200 sq km of forests crisscrossed by rivers and creeks.
  • The Sundarbans mangrove forest, one of the largest such forests in the world, lies across India and Bangladesh on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal.
  • This is the only mangrove in the world where tigers live. 
  • There are around 100 tigers in the Indian part of the Sunderban.
  • It is adjacent to the border of India’s Sundarbans World Heritage site inscribed in 1987.
  • The site is intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests, and presents an excellent example of ongoing ecological processes.
  • The area is known for its wide range of fauna, including 260 bird species, the Bengal tiger and other threatened species such as the estuarine crocodile and the Indian python.
  • It is home to many rare and globally threatened wildlife species such as the estuarine crocodile, Royal Bengal Tiger, Water monitor lizard, Gangetic dolphin, and olive ridley turtles.

CIPET renamed as Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering &Technology




  • Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology (CIPET) has been renamed as Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering & Technology (CIPET), a premier national institution under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Govt. of India.
  • The changed name has been registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act 1975 ( Tamil Nadu Act 27 of 1975)
  • The primary objective of CIPET has been contributing towards the growth of the plastics industry through a combined program of education and research. 
  • The Institute has evolved through the years, creating closer ties with industries with the intent to create innovative plastic based solutions which are resource efficient and marketable. 
  • CIPET will be in a position to fully devote itself for the growth of entire petrochemical sector with a focus on Academics, Skilling, Technology Support and Research.

Minister of State for Labour and Employment (I/C), inaugurated the twitter handle @LabourDG for Labour Bureau

Minister of State for Labour and Employment (I/C), inaugurated the twitter handle @LabourDG for Labour Bureau .

Labour Bureau

  • Labour Bureau was established in 1946
  • The two main wings of the Labour Bureau are at Chandigarh and at Shimla
  • It has five Regional Offices, one each at Ahmedabad, Kanpur, Kolkata, Guwahati and Chennai with a Sub-Regional Office in Mumbai.
  • Labour Bureau, an attached Office of Ministry of Labour and Employment has been collecting and disseminating information on various facets of labour like wages, earnings, productivity, absenteeism, labour turn-over, industrial relations, working and living conditions and evaluation of working of various labour enactments etc. 
  • The information disseminated by the Labour Bureau plays an important role for advising Government for formulation and implementation of employment policies and procedures in the country. 
  • Labour Bureau has a mandate of compilation & maintenance of Index Numbers, conducting surveys for collection of statistics in the field of Labour and collection, compilation and dissemination of Administrative Labour Statistics
  • Labour Bureau is engaged in Labour Force Surveys & Enterprise Surveys which primarily provide estimates of indicators related to Labour Force.




                                                                        MCQ
1) Consider the following statement Heatwave
   1. When the day temperature jumps by 4 to 5 degrees above the normal maximum temperature of a          location, it is declared as a heatwave.
   2. A heatwave spell generally lasts for a minimum of four days.
   3. cyclone Amphan influenced the current heatwave over Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar                   Pradesh and Maharashtra
Identify the correct statement
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2, 3

2) Consider the following statement on WMCC
   1. The “Working Mechanism for Consultation & Coordination on India-China Border Affairs (WMCC) was established in January 1964 after Sino-Indian War .
   2. They are entrusted to help the special representative for boundary talks .
Identify the correct statement
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) both 1 and 2 only
d) Neither 1 nor 2

                                                                 Answer
1-d .

Has cyclone Amphan influenced the current heatwave?

Since the event of severe heat has emerged immediately after the passing of Cyclone Amphan, experts confirm its role in leading to the present heatwave spell. Cyclone Amphan, which was a massive Super Storm covering 700 kms, managed to drag maximum moisture from over the Bay of Bengal, entire South Peninsula, parts of Central India and to some extent, even from the Arabian Sea.All the moisture, that was otherwise built during the thunderstorm and rainfall, got gradually depleted from over vast areas as the storm advanced towards West Bengal and Bangladesh between May 16 and 20. It has now triggered dry north-westerly winds to blow over Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra causing severe heatwave.
2-b

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