Daily Current affairs and Questions from The Hindu & PIB - May 31

IT Minister Launches National AI Portal of India- www.ai.gov.in

  • The Union Minister for Electronics and IT, Law and Justice and Communications Ravi Shankar Prasad launched India’s national Artificial Intelligence Portal called www.ai.gov.in
  • This portal has been jointly developed by the Ministry of Electronics and IT and IT Industry
  • National e-Governance Division of Ministry of Electronics and IT and NASSCOM from the IT industry will jointly run this portal. 
  • This portal shall work as a one stop digital platform for AI related developments in India, sharing of resources such as articles, startups, investment funds in AI, resources, companies and educational institutions related to AI in India. 
  • The portal will also share documents, case studies, research reports etc. It has section about learning and new job roles related to AI.

Responsible AI for Youth

  • The Minister for Electronics & Information Technology, Communications and Law & Justice, Ravi Shankar Prasad, also launched a National Program for the youth, “Responsible AI for Youth”. 
  • The aim of this Program is to give the young students of our country a platform and empower them with appropriate new age tech mind-set, relevant AI skill-sets and access to required AI tool-sets to make them digitally ready for the future. 
  • The Program has been created and launched by the National e-Governance Division, Ministry of Electronics & IT in collaboration with Intel India, with support from Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSE&L), Ministry of Human Resource Development
  • DoSE&L will help reach-out to State Education Departments to nominate teachers as per eligibility criteria.
  • Responsible AI for Youth” will empower the youth to become AI ready and help reduce the skill gap, while enabling youth to create meaningful social impact solutions. 
  • The Program is designed to reach out to students from Government schools pan India and provide them with an opportunity to become part of the skilled workforce in an inclusive manner.

Details of Responsible AI for Youth Programme:

  • The National Programme is open to students of classes 8 - 12 from Central and State government-run schools (including KVS, NVS, JNV) from across the country - all 28States and 8Union Territories and aims to bring about a change in the thought process and create a bridge for the digital divide. 
  • The Program will be implemented in a phase-wise manner and in its first phase, each of the State Education Department will nominate 10 teachers as per the eligibility criteria
  • Teachers may also self nominate themselves by fulfilling the eligibility criteria. 
  • These teachers will be provided orientation sessions aimed to help them understand the premise and identify 25-50 potential students for the Program
  • The identified students will attend online training sessions on AI and understand how to identify social impact ideas/projects that may be created using AI and submit their ideas through a 60 seconds video explaining a proposed AI enabled solution.
  • From the submitted ideas in the form of videos, top 100 ideas will be shortlisted and these students will be invited to attend residential boot camps or online sessions (subject to COVID-19 situation); to take them through a deep dive AI journey. 
  • Post the boot-camps/ online sessions, these students will be asked to create real time projects and submit their final project in a video format on the website.
  • Adequate handholding will be provided by Intel certified AI coaches and mentors throughout to ensure that ideas mature as prototypes. 
  • The experts will shortlist top 50 project ideas and students will be invited to showcase their projects either face to face or in an online format. 
  • Further, top 20 innovative projects will be selected by an independent committee of experts and provided opportunities to showcase at relevant platform.

World No Tobacco Day – 31 May 2020

In response to the tobacco and related industries’ systematic, aggressive and sustained tactics to attract a new generation of tobacco users, World No Tobacco Day 2020 will provide a counter-marketing campaign and empower young people to engage in the fight against Big Tobacco.

The World No Tobacco Day 2020 global campaign will serve to:

  • Debunk myths and expose manipulation tactics employed by the tobacco and related industries, particularly marketing tactics targeted at youth, including through the introduction of new and novel products, flavours and other attractive features;
  • Equip young people with knowledge about the tobacco and related industries’ intentions and tactics to hook current and future generations on tobacco and nicotine products; and
  • Empower influencers (in pop culture, on social media, in the home, or in the classroom) to protect and defend youth and catalyze change by engaging them in the fight against Big Tobacco.

E-cigarettes and vape pens

Cigarettes are being replaced by new, and possibly more potent, devices such as vapes and e-cigarettes.
  • E-cigarettes and vape pens use a battery to heat a special liquid into an aerosol that users inhale. It's not just harmless water vapour, though. 
  • The "e-juice" that fills the cartridges usually contain nicotine (which is extracted from tobacco), propylene glycol, flavourings and other chemicals.
  • Studies have found that even e-cigarettes claiming to be nicotine-free contain trace amounts of nicotine. Additionally, when the liquid present heats up, more toxic chemicals are formed. 
  • E-cigarettes can have considerable cardiovascular effects such as oxidative stress, inflammation, with a potential predisposition to atherosclerosis, vascular dysfunction and platelet aggregation. 
  • These effects have been linked to nicotine and other chemicals and can lead to:
  • Increased heartbeat, blood pressure and can also cause cardiac arrhythmia
  • Increased risk to heart attacks

The effects of vaping are:

  • Predominantly, breathlessness
  • Chest pain
  • Diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Lung damage even without the toxins of cigarettes
  • Acid reflux and insulin resistance
The effects of e-cigarettes on long-term cardiovascular health are inconclusive, but concerning. So far, e-cigarettes have been found to be associated with various adverse effects including significant risk to heart diseases. With an increasing list of ill effects being discovered and even a few deaths, they have been banned in many countries, including India.

'Rozgar Setu’ for skilled workers in M.P.

  • Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has announced the launch of the ‘Rozgar Setu’ scheme, saying it would help secure employment for skilled workers who have returned.
  • The State is the first to devise such a work plan.
  • The attempt was to provide work to the maximum number of returned skilled workers,
  • After such workers requiring employment are identified, the government will contact factory, workshop owners and contractors overseeing infrastructure projects such as road and bridge construction.
  • The State government will act as a setu [bridge] between workers and employers so that both are benefited.
  • This would fulfil the manpower requirement of industries as well as provide employment to workers during the COVID19 pandemic.
  • A survey of such workers was launched on May 27.
1) Responsible AI for Youth , the Program has been created and launched by the National e-Governance Division, Ministry of Electronics & IT in collaboration with Intel India, with support from
b) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
c) Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSE&L), Ministry of Human Resource Development.
d) NITI Aayog

2) Cigarettes are being replaced by new, and possibly more potent, devices such as vapes and e-cigarettes. The effects of vaping are:
a) Acid reflux and insulin resistance
b) Fatigue
c) Chest pain
d) All the above

3) "Swamitva scheme" sometimes seen in the news recently, is associated with which of the following?
a) A Pension Scheme announced by the Government of India exclusively for the senior citizens aged     60 years
b) The scheme will ensure streamlined planning, revenue collection and provide clarity over property       rights in rural areas
c) For integrated development of theme based tourist circuits in the country.
d) A new scheme to promote religious tourism through Yoga, Ayurveda.


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