Daily Current affairs and Questions from The Hindu & PIB- January 24

US-Taliban deal

  • Biden administration has said that it will review the US-Taliban deal to see if the Taliban are able to keep their end of the bargain. 

About US-Taliban deal

  • The pact was signed between Zalmay Khalilzad, US Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, and Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, political head of the Taliban on February 29, 2020.
  • Military troops withdrawal: It lays out a 14-month timetable for the withdrawal of “all military forces of the United States, its allies, and Coalition partners, including all non-diplomatic civilian personnel, private security contractors, trainers, advisors, and supporting services personnel.”
  • Release of prisoners: The agreement also calls for the release of 5,000 Taliban prisoners and 1,000 “prisoners of the other side” on the first day of intra-Afghan negotiations. The relevant sides have the goal of releasing all the remaining prisoners over the course of the subsequent three months.

Taliban Commitment

  • The main counter-terrorism commitment by the Taliban is that “It will not allow any of its members, other individuals or groups, including al-Qaeda, to use the soil of Afghanistan to threaten the security of the US and its allies”.
  • While Miller said the reference to al-Qaeda is important, the pact is silent on other terrorist groups — such as anti-India groups Lashkar-e-Toiba or Jaish-e-Mohammed.

Sanctions Removal

  • UN sanctions on Taliban leaders to be removed by three months (by May 29) and US sanctions by August 27.
  • The sanctions will be out before much progress is expected in the intra-Afghan dialogue.


  • Afghan government was completely sidelined during the talks between the US and the Taliban.

About Afghanistan

  • Afghanistan is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central and South Asia
  • Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south; Iran to the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north; and China to the northeast.  
  • Kabul is the capital and largest city. 

Biju Patnaik Room

  • The Indonesian Embassy in New Delhi has built a special room in recognition of the nation’s freedom struggle from Dutch colonialism 74 years ago, and named it after Biju Patnaik to honour his role in the nation’s freedom struggle.
  • The newly-inaugurated Patnaik room, is a reminder not only of the historical bonds between the two countries, but the imperative of keeping ties strong in the present as well.

Key points

  • The former Chief Minister of Odisha (Biju Patnaik), who was a skilled pilot, flew several missions in 1947 to transport Indonesian leaders, including the nation’s tallest leader, President Sukarno, Vice-President Hatta and Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir out of Indonesia, at grave risk to himself.
  • Eventually, Indonesia won back its freedom. In 1950, President Sukarno was the chief guest at India’s first Republic Day, and India-Indonesia ties remained strong for the next decade.
  • Relations between the two countries soured after Indonesia didn’t support India in the 1962 war with China.
  • Relations were revived only decades later, when in 2005, India and Indonesia signed a Strategic Partner- ship agreement; military exchanges and trade ties have grown since.

Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

  • The Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons was adopted on July 7, 2017. The treaty entered into force on January 22, 2021. The treaty is the first legally binding international agreement that aim to eliminate nuclear weapons completely.

About Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

  • The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) prohibits States Parties from developing, testing, producing, manufacturing, acquiring, possessing, or stockpiling nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices. 
  • Signatories are barred from transferring or receiving nuclear weapons and other nuclear explosive devices, control over such weapons, or any assistance with activities prohibited under the Treaty. 
  • States are also prohibited from using or threatening to use nuclear weapons and other nuclear explosive devices.  
  • States Parties cannot allow the stationing, installation, or deployment of nuclear weapons and other nuclear explosive devices in their territory. 
  • In addition to the Treaty’s prohibitions, States Parties are obligated to provide victim assistance and help with environmental remediation efforts.


  • When the treaty was approved by the United Nations General Assembly in July 2017, more than 120 approved it. But none of the nine countries known or believed to possess nuclear weapons — the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, China, France, India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel — supported it, and neither did the 30-nation NATO alliance.
  • Japan, the world’s only country to suffer nuclear attacks, also does not support the treaty, even though the aged survivors of the bombings in 1945 strongly push for it to do so.

Operation Sard Hawa

  • Border Security Force (BSF) launched "Operation Sard Hawa" on Thursday under which it aims to increase security on the borders in Jaisalmer.
  • This operation will continue till January 27 with an aim that there is no intrusion. The enhanced security comes ahead of Republic Day.
  • The intelligence wing of Border Security Force is also to be in active mode during Operation Sard Hawa.
  • Significantly, BSF runs Operation "Garam Hawa" in summer season and operation "Sard Hawa" during the winter season as a routine exercise.

Multiple-choice question (MCQ)

1) Afghanistan is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by 

a) Pakistan
b) Iran
c) Turkmenistan
d) All the above

2) The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) prohibits States Parties from developing, testing, producing, manufacturing, acquiring, possessing, or stockpiling nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices. The Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons was adopted on 

a) January 22, 2021
b) July 7, 2017
c) April 4, 2019
d) None of the above

3) "Operation Sard Hawa" sometimes seen in the news is closely associated with

a) Border Security Force
b) Indian Navy
c) Indian Air Force
d) Indo-Tibetan Border Police



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  1. Question 2 is the ans A?
    I guess it's B
    Because It was adopted on july 7 2017 and it came into force on jan 22 2021