Daily Current affairs and Questions from The Hindu & PIB - March 15 | Illegal Influx | Free Movement Regime | Raman thermometry | Commission for Air Quality Management | Jalashwa | SAGAR ( Security and Growth for all in the Indian Ocean Region) | River Sarasvati | Baralacha Pass

The Ministry of Home A
ffairs (MHA) has directed 4 northeast states to check illegal influx from Myanmar into India

 The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has asked four northeastern states --Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh -- to take appropriate action as per law and maintain strict vigil at the borders to prevent a possible influx of people from Myanmar into India.

The instructions have also been given to Border Guarding Force (BGF), i.e. Assam rifles.

India, treats all refugees entering the country as illegal immigrants.
In 2020, it was estimated that 40,000 Rohingya refugees lived in India, scattered across different states.
 

Free Movement Regime between India and Myanmar : What is it ?

Under FMR every member of the hill tribes, who is either a citizen of India or a citizen of Myanmar and who is resident of any area within 16 km on either side of the Indo-Myanmar Border (IMB) can cross the border with a border pass (with one-year validity) issued by the competent authority and can stay up to two weeks per visit. 
 
 

 Check on health of power lines : Raman Thermometry

Researchers at IIT Madras have demonstrated that power transmission cable can be monitored by using Raman thermometry on the fibre optic cable

Electric energy efficiency spending to touch $60 bn by 2028 - GreentechLead

    Raman Thermometry: What is it ?

  •   It is a thermal characterization technique which makes use of Raman scattering phenomena to determine the local temperature in microelectronics systems.
  •     When light is scattered off an object, say a molecule, two bands are observed, with higher and lower frequency than the original light, called the Stokes and anti-Stokes bands, respectively.
  •     By studying the relative intensity of the two bands, it is possible to estimate the temperature of the object which scatters the light.

Center has dissolved the Commission for Air Quality Management

 The dissolution happened despite the nodal Union Environment Ministry submitting the paper work to the Union Cabinet Secretariat, required to give legal backing to the commission.
 
The commission was headed by M.M. Kutty, a former Secretary in the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

Commission for Air Quality Management : Daily Current Affairs | Dhyeya IAS®  - Best UPSC IAS CSE Online Coaching | Best UPSC Coaching | Top IAS Coaching  in Delhi | Top CSE Coaching

Commission for Air Quality Management : What is it's composition ?

The Commission headed by a full-time chairperson who has been a Secretary to the Government of India, or a Chief Secretary to a State government.

    The chairperson  hold the post for three years or until she/he attains the age of 70 years.

It  has members from several Ministries as well as representatives from the stakeholder States.
 
It has experts from the CPCB, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Civil Society.
 

Indian Navy Ship Jalashwa arrived at port of Anjouan in Comoros  

Indian Navy Ship Jalashwa arrived at port of Anjouan in Comoros with one thousand metric tonnes of rice. 
This give an importance to the exemplary ties between India and Comoros within the framework of PM Modi’s vision of SAGAR ( Security and Growth for all in the Indian Ocean Region).

Indian Navy Equips INS Jalashwa with Indigenous Combat Systems -  MilitaryLeak
 

NS Jalashwa : What is it ?


It is an amphibious transport dock currently in service with the Indian Navy
 
Formerly USS Trenton, she, along with six Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King helicopters were procured from the United States by India for a total of US$90 million in 2005. She was commissioned on 22 June 2007.
 

SAGAR (Security and Growth for All in the Region) : What is it ?


   
SAGAR is a term coined by PM Modi in 2015 during his Mauritius visit with a focus on the blue economy.

    It is a maritime initiative which gives priority to the Indian Ocean region for ensuring peace, stability and prosperity of India in the Indian Ocean region.

    The goal is to seek a climate of trust and transparency; respect for international maritime rules and norms by all countries; sensitivity to each other`s interests; peaceful resolution of maritime issues; and increase in maritime cooperation.

    It is in line with the principles of the Indian Ocean Rim Association.
 

Reconstitution of the Advisory Committee for the Multidisciplinary Study of the River Sarasvati 

 The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) on March 10 issued a notification for “reconstitution of the Advisory Committee for the Multidisciplinary Study of the River Sarasvati”.

The ASI had first set up the committee on December 28, 2017 for a period of two years.

The committee would continue to be chaired by the Culture Minister.


It would include officials from the Culture, Tourism, Water Resources, Environment and Forest, Housing and Urban Affairs Ministries; representatives of the Indian Space Research Organisation; officials from the governments of Gujarat, Haryana and Rajasthan; and an ASI official.

The committee would review the work done by the previous panel and then formulate a plan. The committee would advise the Government Departments conducting research.
 
 https://qph.fs.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-365b09bb8e8bc2af873d28e4530c207b.webp

The Sarasvati River : What is it ?

It  is a deified river mentioned in the Rig Veda and later Vedic and post-Vedic texts. This 4,925 kilometres long river played an important role in the Vedic religion, appearing in all but the fourth book of the Rigveda. As a physical river, it is described as a small river ending in "a terminal lake."

BRO starts work on reopening the crucial Baralacha Pass in Himachal Pradesh 

The BRO team trekked through 15 to 20 feet of snow for 20 kilometres in a bid to open the Baralacha La pass that connects Himachal Pradesh to Ladakh.
 
Baralacha La, Spiti | Baralacha Pass Weather, Trek, Routes

  Bara-lacha Pass : What is it ? 

  • Bara-lacha la also known as Bara-lacha Pass is a high mountain pass in Zanskar range, connecting Lahaul district in Himachal Pradesh to Leh district in Ladakh, situated along the Leh–Manali Highway.
  • The pass also acts as a water-divide between the Bhaga river and the Yunam river.
  • The Bhaga river, a tributary of the Chenab river, originates from Surya taal lake, which is situated a few of kilometers from the pass towards Manali.

Multiple-choice question (MCQ)



1)      _____________ is  a thermal characterization technique which makes use of Raman scattering phenomena to determine the local temperature in microelectronics systems.
  
a) Raman Calorimetry
b) Raman Thermometry
c) Raman Conductivity
d) None of these


2) Which mountain pass in Zanskar range, connecting Lahaul district in Himachal Pradesh to Leh district in Ladakh, situated along the Leh–Manali Highway.


a) Kunjum Pass
b) Rohtang Pass
c) Baralacha Pass
d) None of these
 
 
3) Which ministry has asked four northeastern states --Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh -- to take appropriate action as per law and maintain strict vigil at the borders to prevent a possible influx of people from Myanmar into India.
 
a) Ministry of External Affairs
b) Ministry of Defence
c) Ministry of Corporate Affairs    
d) Ministry of Home Affairs


Answers


1-b
2-c
3-d



 


 

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