Daily Current affairs and Questions from The Hindu & PIB- March 16 | National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill | Great Indian Bustard | India arms imports | Project RE-HAB | Nagarhole National Park | Statue of Unity | WPI inflation

 Parliament proceedings | Bill to define Delhi L-G’s powers moved in Lok Sabha

 

The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 proposes to amend Sections 21, 24, 33 and 44 of the 1991 Act.
 
Section 44 of the 1991 Act says that all executive actions of the L-G, whether taken on the advice of his Ministers or otherwise, shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the L-G.
The Bill gives discretionary powers to the L-G even in matters where the Legislative Assembly of Delhi is empowered to make laws.



The proposed legislation also seeks to ensure that the L-G is “necessarily granted an opportunity” to give her or his opinion before any decision taken by the Council of Ministers (or the Delhi Cabinet) is implemented.
 

Supreme Court steps in to protect Great Indian Bustard  

The Supreme Court intervened on behalf of the critically endangered Great Indian Bustards over the birds falling dead after colliding with power lines running through their dwindling natural habitats in Gujarat and Rajasthan.
 
The Great Indian Bustard's last sigh

Great Indian Bustard : What is it ?

  • The Great Indian Bustard is one of the heaviest flying birds in the world.
  •  Habitat: Dry grasslands and scrublands on the Indian subcontinent; its largest populations are found in the Indian state of Rajasthan.
  • Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List
  •  In Appendix I of CITES,
  •  In Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
 

 

India’s weapon imports fell by 33% in last five years 

 Arms imports decreased by 33% between 2011–15 and 2016–20 while India continues to remain the second largest arms importer after Saudi Arabia, according to a report from Swedish think tank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
 
 Arms report: India the second-biggest importer of weapons after Saudi  Arabia between 2014-'18

India arms imports : What is it ?

  • The overall drop in arms imports between 2011–15 and 2016–20 was due to complex and lengthy procurement processes, combined with attempts to reduce its dependence on Russian arms by diversifying its network of arms suppliers. 
  •  Russia was the largest arms supplier in both years.
     France and Israel were the second and third largest arms suppliers in 2016–20.
     The U.S. was the fourth largest supplier in 2016–20.
     

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KVIC rolls out project RE-HAB

Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), on Monday, launched a unique project of creating “bee-fences” to mitigate human – elephant conflicts in the country.

These spots are located on the periphery of Nagarahole National Park and Tiger Reserve, which is a known conflict zone.


  •     The bee boxes will dissuade elephants without causing any harm to them.
  •     Extremely cost-effective as compared to various other measures such as digging trenches or erecting fences.
  •     The initiative will increase honey production and farmers’ income.
 KVIC Rolls Out Project RE-HAB to Prevent Elephant – Human Conflict Using  Honey Bees | SME Venture

    Honey Mission: What is it ?

  •  The KVIC has launched the Honey Mission to provide awareness, training and ‘Bee Boxes’ along with Bee Colonies to the farmers.The mission was launched in August 2017 in line with the ‘Sweet Revolution’. 
  • The 'Sweet Revolution' was launched in 2016 to promote beekeeping and associated activities.

Nagarhole National Park : What is it ?

  •         It is also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park.

  •         It was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1955 and was upgraded into a national park in 1988. It was declared as the 37th Tiger reserve under Project Tiger in 1999.

  •         There are 51 Tiger reserves in India.

  •             The latest addition in this list is Srivilliputhur Meghamalai Tiger Reserve of Tamil Nadu, which got approval in 2021.

 Statue of Unity crosses 50 lakh visitors-mark

 The ‘Statue of Unity’ at Kevadia in Gujarat’s Narmada district has crossed the mark of 50 lakh visitors since its inauguration in 2018. 
 
India’s first seaplane service in Gujarat started from 31st October, 2020 which connects Sabarmati Riverfront in Ahmedabad to the Statue of Unity in Kevadia.
 
Travel Guide: Statue of Unity

Statue of Unity : What is it ?

  •     The Statue of Unity is built in honour of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Sardar Patel is credited with uniting 560 princely states in pre-independent India hence the name of the statue is christened as ‘Statue of Unity’.
  •     It was inaugurated on 31st October, 2018 to mark the 143rd birth anniversary of Sardar Patel.
  •     The Statue of Unity is the tallest statue in the world. At 182 metres, it is 23 metres taller than China's Spring Temple Buddha statue and almost double the height of the Statue of Liberty (93 metres tall) in the US.
  •     In January 2020, it was added in the ‘Eight Wonders’ of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).

February WPI inflation at 4.17%, reaches 27-month high

The Office of the Economic Adviser, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade has released the Wholesale Price Index (WPI) for the month of February, 2021.
 

Wholesale Price-Inflation:

    It increased for the second consecutive month to 4.17%.
    This is the highest since November 2018, when wholesale inflation was at 4.47%.
    The WPI inflation was 2.03% in January 2021 and 2.26% in February 2020.
 
 WPI inflation dips to 3.07% in April; food prices on the rise

Wholesale Price Index ; What is it?

  •     It measures the changes in the prices of goods sold and traded in bulk by wholesale businesses to other businesses.
  •     Published by the Office of Economic Adviser, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  •     It is the most widely used inflation indicator in India.
  •     Major criticism for this index is that the general public does not buy products at wholesale price.
  •     The base year of All-India WPI has been revised from 2004-05 to 2011-12 in 2017.

Consumer Price Index : What is is ?

  •     It measures price changes from the perspective of a retail buyer. It is released by the National Statistical Office (NSO).
  •     The CPI calculates the difference in the price of commodities and services such as food, medical care, education, electronics etc, which Indian consumers buy for use.
  •     The CPI has several sub-groups including food and beverages, fuel and light, housing and clothing, bedding and footwear. 
    Four types of CPI are as follows:
  1.         CPI for Industrial Workers (IW).
  2.         CPI for Agricultural Labourer (AL).
  3.         CPI for Rural Labourer (RL).
  4.         CPI (Rural/Urban/Combined).
        Of these, the first three are compiled by the Labour Bureau in the Ministry of Labour and Employment. Fourth is compiled by the NSO in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

 

Multiple-choice question (MCQ)



1)     Arms imports decreased by 33% between 2011–15 and 2016–20 while India continues to remain the second largest arms importer after _______________
  
a) Oman
b) Saudi Arabia
c) Iran
d) None of these


2) A pilot project RE-HAB (Reducing Elephant-Human Attacks using Bees) has been launched in _____________which entails installing bee boxes along the periphery of the forest and the villages to mitigate human-elephant conflict.

a) Tamil Nadu
b) Telengana
c) Karnataka
d) None of these
 
 
3) Which index/indices   compiled by the Labour Bureau in the Ministry of Labour and Employment.
 
a)  CPI for Industrial Workers (IW).
b)  CPI for Agricultural Labourer (AL)
c)  CPI for Rural Labourer (RL).   
d)   All of these


Answers


1-b
2-c
3-d
 

 

 

 

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